A self-assembled monolayer of an alkene or
alkyne can be applied to a hydrogenpassivated
silicon surface using UV hydrosilylation.
This research shows that
field-induced oxides can be used as a
negative resist to selectively prevent
bromostyrene attachment, providing a
means of nanopatterning organic molecules
on silicon. The negative resist effects...
Numerous studies have been structured to
investigate magnetoelectric multiferroic
materials, which possess simultaneous
ferroelectric and (anti)ferromagnetic
ordering. Bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3), referred
to as BFO, has drawn special attention
because of its unique ability to maintain both
electric and magnetic dipole moments at
room temperature. BFO shows great
potential to revolutionize...
When the Aß peptides aggregate into
soluble oligomeric clusters, they form
central nervous system neurotoxins known
as amyloid-ß-derived diffusible ligands
(ADDLs). The assembly of ADDLs is
currently thought to be a pathogenic
process in Alzheimer's disease (AD).
Understanding the molecular structure and
properties of ADDLs could prove useful in
Silver nanoparticles exhibit distinctive
optical properties. When exposed to
electromagnetic radiation, a noble metal
nanoparticle demonstrates the unique
optical property of localized surface
plasmon resonance (LSPR). LSPR is
measured through an extinction spectrum,
the sum of absorption and Rayleigh
scattering, which results when the
collective oscillation of electrons is
Germanium (Ge) nanowires were grown via
the vapor-liquid-solid growth mechanism
and surface-doped with manganese (Mn).
The nanowires were annealed at 350˚ C for
30 min to promote the Mn diffusion.
Pulsed-laser local electrode atom probe
tomography was used to determine the
concentration and distribution of Mn in the
In many biological systems, ligand-receptor
pairs bind to each other via noncovalent
interactions such as hydrogen-bonding and
Van der Waals forces. This project’s method
of studying these interactions uses electron
transfer theory. When a receptor binds to a
redox-modified ligand, there is a change in
the reorganization energy of the...
In this research project, particle sorting of
Brownian liquids was explored by sweeping
two noncoherent pairs of parallel optical
standing waves in a translating medium.
Each wave was created by interfering two
coherent beams of light, and the resulting
fringe periods were determined by the angle
of intersection. Adjusting the...
Chip-based devices and biosensors
incorporate the attachment of biomolecules
at interfaces. The behavior of biomolecules
at the surface and interfaces differs from the
behavior of biomolecules in the bulk solution.
Surface-analysis techniques are therefore
required to characterize these interfaces.
Second harmonic generation (SHG) has been
used to characterize DNA on...
Concern about maximizing and improving heterogeneous catalysis has
grown because it is used in a variety of applications. This study focused
on the effect single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) had on titanium
dioxide (TiO2) catalysis. Two different forms of TiO2, rutile and anatase,
were combined with SWNTs in heterogeneous mixtures and...
Semiconductor oxides are important materials in gas-detection systems
and can be improved by enhancing the sensitivity and selectivity of
oxide sensors to specific gases. This research investigates the effect of
palladium dopant (Pd) on the hydrogen gas-sensing ability of ZnO 2-D
nanostructures. Photolithography was used to pattern electrodes on
The aim of this research is to investigate the pH effect on the assembled
nanostructures of peptide amphiphiles (PAs). Controlling the sizes and
shapes of these assembled nanostructures is of great importance for
their ultimate applications in drug delivery, tissue engineering, and
regenerative medicine. A complete characterization of these nanostructures...
Bone-related problems have always been a concern in the medical field,
particularly how to heal and rebuild bones more rapidly when injuries
occur. A path to solving such problems might be to examine the
processes when bone develops in nature. This project aims at discovering
the chemical reactions that occur...
The formation of covalently grafted polymer brushes on silica (SiO2)
nanoparticles was achieved by surface-initiated reversible additionfragmentation
chain transfer (si-RAFT) polymerization. RAFT initiator
was first attached onto the surface of silica nanoparticles and then
examined by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis) analysis. From the
resulting RAFT initiator-modified SiO2 nanoparticles, polymer chains
Polymer nanoparticles (PNPs) were formed from amphiphilic diblock
copolymers consisting of a hydrophilic block with pendant polyethylene
glycol tosylate (PEG-OTs) groups and a hydrophobic block with pendant
terthiophene (TTT) groups. The resulting PNPs were characterized
using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron
microscopy (TEM) to determine size, shape, and...
The formation of organic layers on hydrogen-passivated silicon (HPS)
surfaces via (UV) ultraviolet treatment was completed for three styrene
derivatives with different conjugated lengths. The styrene molecules
were synthesized and characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance
(NMR) spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
(GC-MS). Layer formation on silicon was then accomplished through...
In the field of clinical diagnostics, biosensors are used to identify genetic
disorders by hybridizing a surface-bound DNA sequence with the
patient’s DNA. To further improve biosensor design, two nonlinear
optical techniques, sum frequency generation (SFG) and second
harmonic generation (SHG), were used to probe the orientation,
chirality, and surface...
Small, soluble, self-assembling peptide Aβ-oligomers, known as ADDLs
(amyloid-derived diffusible ligands), accumulate in the Alzheimer’s
disease (AD) brain as Aβ 12-mers and are thought to contribute to AD
neuropathological conditions. Unlike plaques, which were once thought
to cause neuronal death due to insoluble amyloid plaque deposits,
ADDLs initiate abnormal changes...
Semiconductor nanowires show promise for application in nanoscale
electronics, but the difficulty of forming low-resistance ohmic contacts
provides a challenge to their implementation. To improve the electrical
performance of lithographically defined nickel contacts, nickel-silicide/
silicon axial nanowire heterostructures were formed by controlled
partial silicidation. Prior to annealing, two-terminal silicon nanowire...
"This paper describes the development of an efficient transfection
vehicle for nucleic acids using surface-functionalized gold nanoparticles
(AuNPs) with a mixed-monolayer of biological molecules—a hybrid
approach that combines two previously investigated models. The
objective is to improve upon previously described nanoparticles used to
introduce nucleic acids to cells—oligonucleotide-functionalized AuNPs