This work exploits the use of noble metal
nanoparticles to achieve sensitive and
selective detection of chemical and
biological analytes. The localized surface
plasmon resonance (LSPR) of these metal
nanoparticles is known to be sensitive to
shape, size, and the local environment.
Ag nanoparticles fabricated using the
nanosphere lithography (NSL)...
In this experiment, the optical properties
of several spherical nanoparticles were
observed. Particles were modeled using
Mie theory, a set of equations that calculate
the extinction coefficient of virtually any
spherical particle. Initially this theory was
used to model solid particles made of noble
metals. As time passed, its scope...
Weak interactions in ligand-receptor
pairs are important in biological systems.
However, the energetics of these interactions
are often difficult to quantify for ligandreceptor
pairs. Weak interactions are a part
of reorganization energy, which plays a role
in electron transfer reactions. Under certain
conditions the rate of electron transfer
The bio-barcode assay is a nanotechnology-based
method for capturing and
detecting proteins. It shows extraordinary
sensitivity in detecting certain antigens at
extremely low concentrations, now without
the use of the polymerase chain reaction
(PCR). This assay uses disease identification
biomarkers that cannot be used in the
conventional assays of today....
This report describes the development of
bioorganic small-molecule complexes for the
directed assembly of functional nanomaterials.
In particular, it examines the synthesis of
small acetylene-based organic precursors for
attaching DNA to form DNA/organic hybrids.
This work continues previous studies
demonstrating how DNA/polymer hybrid
composites have sharper melting points than
The intention of this research was to investigate
the ink diffusion that takes place in
dip-pen nanolithography in order to better
understand how to enhance the possibilities
of nano fountain probes. Varying concentrations
of 16-mercaptohexadecanoic acid in
ethanol were used as ink in dip-pen nanolithography,
and the relationships between
Monolayers on H-Si(111) were formed thermally
using decene and 10-bromodecene.
Samples were subjected to 100 percent
humidity in order to induce oxidation for
upwards of three weeks. The ability of
bromine to bind to the Si(111) and inhibit
oxidation through steric hindrance was
intended to be analyzed. Atomic force
In this study liquid-phase nanolithography
(LPN) techniques using conductive atomic
force microscopy are investigated in order
to study properties of nano-patterned
organic molecules covalently bound to a
silicon substrate. Previous work has shown
that LPN in the inert organic solvent hexadecane
forms patterned features on
hydrogen-passivated Si(111). Due to hexadecane’s...
The purpose of this study was to select an
alloy with a low driving force for nucleation
for a more in-depth study of the nucleation
of γ’-precipitates. To do this, three Ni-Cr-Al
alloys were chosen close to the solvus line
of a Ni-Cr-Al phase diagram, ensuring low
supersaturation and therefore...
In this study attention was focused on a
templated fabrication of Au nanotubular
structures that could carry a highly magnetic
entity such as cobalt. In brief, experimentation
was performed to create Co@Au
core-shell nanorods of different lengths. The
preliminary core-shell structures were first
characterized using x-ray diffraction (XRD),
This project focused on the growth of Cu2O
nanocubes in microwells from nanoparticle
“seeds.” The seeds were first formed by the
reduction of copper sulfate with ascorbic
acid in the presence of the surfactant
poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). Upon reaction
within the microwell, the seed solution
formed a larger single crystal....
The performance of mixed-phase TiO2 was observed in an effort to test its practical use as
a semiconductor photocatalyst. Synthesis of mixed-phase TiO2, characterization using xray
diffraction analysis, monitoring testing using the gas chromatography-FID, and
testing gas phase reactor were four techniques used in this research to evaluate mixedphase
Chemical vapor deposition was used to
synthesize CdS nanowires via the vaporliquid-solid
growth mechanism. After Ti/Au
contacts were patterned to the nanowires
using electron beam lithography, photoresponse
studies were conducted. A significant
response was observed when the
wires were exposed to visible light; this
occurred as electrons in the nanowires...
This paper explores the various approaches
to time-resolved single nanoparticle spectroscopy.
Due to the novelty of these types
of experiments, several difficulties arise in
creating a feasible physical setup capable
of imaging single nanoparticles less than
100 nm in size. The various difficulties in
setup and their attempted resolutions will...
The optical properties of spherical gold
nanoparticles are calculated using classical
electrodynamics. The wavelength corresponding
to maximum extinction shifts to
longer wavelengths as the size of the
nanoparticle is increased. The influence of
higher-order multipoles is evident for large
nanoparticles, making the spectra more
complex. When the shell thickness of...
Every year millions of Americans go to the
emergency room with symptoms of a heart
attack. More than half a million Americans
die each year of myocardial infarctions (MI)
caused by coronary heart disease (CHD).
CHD detection is currently limited to EKG
analyses of electrical signals generated by
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive
mental disorder that affects 23 million people
worldwide. It is pathologically characterized
by amyloid plaques and tau tangles that
form in the brain. The hard, insoluble amyloid
plaques develop from the naturally
secreted amyloid beta peptide, which can
also assemble into toxic oligomeric forms...
Electron transfer theory predicts reorganization energy to be one factor that determines the electrochemical potential of a metal ion. This paper describes part of a study that aims to increase understanding of solvent reorganization energy in noncovalent systems by systematically varying the environment around a metal ion, specifically ruthenium. The...
This study investigated the precipitation
strengthening of the binary Al-0.14wt% Sc,
0.16% Ti alloy system. Ingots of Al-2.1wt% Sc
and Al-4.68wt% Ti were melted together, and
the nucleation, growth, and coarsening of
precipitates were analyzed. The microstructural
evolution of the nanoscale L12 precipitates
phase was examined with Vickers
The effects of Ru, W, and Re on the temporal
evolution of the gamma prime precipitates in
a Ni-Cr-Al alloy were investigated by threedimensional
atom probe (3DAP) microscopy.
The spatial distribution of the gamma prime
precipitates in a model Ni-8.5Cr-10Al alloy
was investigated using atomic force
microscopy (AFM). We reported...