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  1. Ultra-high dimensional variable selection with application to normative aging study: DNA methylation and metabolic syndrome

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    Description: Metabolic syndrome has become a major public health challenge worldwide. The association between metabolic syndrome and DNA methylation is of great research interest. We constructed a binomial model to investigate the association between a metabolic syndrome index and DNA methylation in the Normative Aging Study. We applied the Iterative Sure...
    Keyword: ISIS, elastic net, Bootstrap, methylation, ultra-high dimensional variable selection, and Metabolic syndrome
    Creator: Wei Zhang, Joel Schwartz, Brian Joyce, Wenxin Jiang, Yinan Zheng, Grace Yoon, Andrea A. Baccarelli, Lifang Hou, Lei Liu, Zhou Zhang, Weihau Guan, Pantel S. Vokonas, Tao Gao, and Haixiang Zhang
    Owner: Chris Diaz
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Date Uploaded: 05/10/2017
    Date Modified: 05/10/2017
    Date Created: 2017-03-07
    Rights: Attribution 3.0 United States
    Resource Type: Article
    Identifier: DOI: 10.1186/s12859-017-1568-1
  2. Preparedness of HIV care and treatment clinics for the management of concomitant non–communicable diseases: a cross–sectional survey

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    Description: In Sub-Saharan Africa, epidemiological studies have reported an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) among people living with HIV. NCD management can be feasibly integrated into HIV care; however, clinic readiness to provide NCD services in these settings should first be assessed and gaps in care identified. A cross-sectional survey...
    Keyword: Non-communicable diseases, Health system strengthening, Integration, Tanzania, and HIV
    Creator: Martha Tsere Maghimbi, Talumba Samatta, Eric Aris, Hellen Siril, Beatrice Christian, Claudia Leung, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, Happiness Koda, Claudia Hawkins, Aisa Mhalu, and Guerino Chalamilla
    Owner: Chris Diaz
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Date Uploaded: 05/08/2017
    Date Modified: 05/08/2017
    Date Created: 2016-09-21
    Rights: Attribution 3.0 United States
    Resource Type: Article
  3. Parental characteristic patterns associated with maintaining healthy physical activity behavior during childhood and adolescence

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    Description: Background: Parental characteristics that influence child physical activity (PA) behavior often co-occur. An analytic approach that considers these co-occurring patterns can help researchers better understand the overall context of parental influence. The study aims were to: (1) identify diverse patterns of the relationships among parental characteristics, (2) examine the influence...
    Keyword: Sports participation, Moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity, Father's role in child physical activity, and Latent class
    Creator: Kathleen F. Janz, Steven M. Levy, Elena M. Letuchy, Trudy L. Burns, and Soyang Kwon
    Owner: Chris Diaz
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Language: English
    Date Uploaded: 01/20/2017
    Date Modified: 05/08/2017
    Date Created: 2016-05-06
    Rights: Attribution 3.0 United States
    Resource Type: Article
    Identifier: DOI: 10.1186/s12966-016-0383-9
  4. Performance-based incentives may be appropriate to address challenges to delivery of prevention of vertical transmission of HIV services in rural Mozambique: a qualitative investigation

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    Description: Background: Performance-based incentives (PBIs) have garnered global attention as a promising strategy to improve healthcare delivery to vulnerable populations. However, literature gaps in the context in which an intervention is implemented and how the PBIs were developed exist. Therefore, we (1) characterized the barriers and promoters to prevention of vertical...
    Keyword: Traditional birth attendants, Motivation, Maternal and child health nurses, Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, Health systems, Mozambique, Performance-based incentives, and Community health workers
    Creator: Delphine Pinault, Roseanne C. Schuster, Sera L. Young, Octávio de Sousa, Jacqueline Rivera, and Rebecca Olson
    Owner: Chris Diaz
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Language: English
    Date Uploaded: 01/19/2017
    Date Modified: 01/19/2017
    Rights: Attribution 3.0 United States
    Resource Type: Article
    Identifier: DOI: 10.1186/s12960-016-0157-0
  5. Obstetrician cognitive and affective skills in a diverse academic population

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    Description: Background: Obstetrician cognitive and affective traits have been identified to have relationships with their patients’ perinatal outcomes. The objective was to identify relationships between obstetrician demographic and practice characteristics and physician coping, self-efficacy, anxiety and ambiguity tolerance. Methods: Obstetricians at a single institution were surveyed using 5 validated scales measuring...
    Keyword: Medical education, Tolerance of ambiguity, Coping skills, Obstetrician cognition, and Physician professional development
    Creator: William A. Grobman and Lynn M. Yee
    Owner: Chris Diaz
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Date Uploaded: 01/19/2017
    Date Modified: 01/19/2017
    Date Created: 2016-05-10
    Rights: Attribution 3.0 United States
    Resource Type: Article
    Identifier: DOI: 10.1186/s12909-016-0659-4
  6. Developmental trajectories of physical activity and television viewing during adolescence among girls: National Growth and Health Cohort Study

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    Description: Background: Analytic methodology for investigating physical activity patterns over time has been limited. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the group-based trajectory analysis process for identifying developmental physical activity (PA) and television (TV) viewing trajectories and the risk factor of PA trajectories, and for examining a relationship between...
    Keyword: National Growth and Health study, Group-based trajectory model, Physical activity patterns, Latent class growth model, Dual trajectories, and Television viewing
    Creator: Mercedes R. Camethon, Jungwha Lee, and Soyang Kwon
    Owner: Chris Diaz
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Date Uploaded: 01/19/2017
    Date Modified: 01/19/2017
    Date Created: 2015-07-15
    Rights: Attribution 3.0 United States
    Resource Type: Article
    Identifier: DOI: 10.1186/s12889-015-2043-4
  7. Evolution of anthozoan polyp retraction mechanisms: convergent functional morphology and evolutionary allometry of the marginal musculature in order Zoanthidea (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Hexacorallia)

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    Description: Background: Retraction is among the most important basic behaviors of anthozoan Cnidaria polyps and is achieved through the coordinated contraction of at least six different muscle groups. Across the Anthozoa, these muscles range from unrecognizable atrophies to massive hypertrophies, producing a wide diversity of retraction abilities and functional morphologies. The...
    Keyword: Symbiosis, Hexacorallia , Evolutionary allometry, Phylogenetic comparative methods, Coelenterata, Convergent evolution, and Functional morphology
    Creator: Jennifer L. Schellinger, Timothy D. Swain, Kim E. Reuter, and Anna M. Strimaitis
    Owner: Chris Diaz
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Date Uploaded: 01/19/2017
    Date Modified: 01/19/2017
    Date Created: 2015-06-02
    Rights: Attribution 3.0 United States
    Resource Type: Article
    Identifier: DOI: 10.1186/s12862-015-0406-1
  8. Comparison of range-of-motion and variability in upper body movements between transradial prosthesis users and able-bodied controls when executing goal-oriented tasks

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    Description: Background: Current upper limb prostheses do not replace the active degrees-of-freedom distal to the elbow inherent to intact physiology. Limited evidence suggests that transradial prosthesis users demonstrate shoulder and trunk movements to compensate for these missing volitional degrees-of-freedom. The purpose of this study was to enhance understanding of the effects...
    Keyword: Kinematics, Upper limb, Trunk, Prosthesis, and Transradial amputation
    Creator: Steven A. Gard, Rebecca L. Stine, Stefania Fatone, Craig W. Heckathorne, and Matthew J. Major
    Owner: Chris Diaz
    Publisher: BioMed Central
    Language: English
    Date Uploaded: 01/19/2017
    Date Modified: 01/19/2017
    Date Created: 2014-09-06
    Rights: Attribution 3.0 United States
    Resource Type: Article
    Identifier: DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-11-132