Ethiopia: A Turn to Democracy?Public Deposited
In May 1991 the allied armies of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) and the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) overthrew the 27-year military regime (Dergue) in Ethiopia. During the succeeding 27 years, the EPRDF-dominated government attracted one of the highest per capita levels of external aid in the world. Eritrea, along the northern seacoast, acceded to independence after a referendum in 1993. A garrison state under its only leader, Isaias Afwerki, then engaged in a devastating war, 1998-2000, over territorial claims with Ethiopia in which many thousands perished on both sides.