In an era where the world is plagued with environmental problems ranging from climate change to heavy metal pollution, new pathways towards environmental protection need to be implemented. Around the globe, countries have been constitutionalizing environmental rights in order to better use the law as a tool in these efforts....
Aside from Constitutional and negligence arguments, plaintiffs seeking to recover for nursing home COVID-19 related injuries or deaths have a third route: the federal and state False Claims Acts. This paper will examine the landscape of the False Claims Act (FCA) as it applies to nursing home liability in the...
In 1994, South Africa held its first fully enfranchised election to usher in a new era and move away from the cruel Apartheid system of racial separation. This paper seeks to explain how political party-based constitutional negotiations in the final years of Apartheid influenced the country’s structure of government. I...
This paper examines the international response to the issue of war crimes, exploring the effectiveness international institutions such as the International Criminal Court in investigating and prosecuting war crimes.
On October 2nd, an online conversation was conducted by the Program of African Studies of Northwestern University between Professor Chris Abani and Nobel Laureate Wole Soyinka.1 It was the resumption of a conversation between the two writers and scholars at the New York Public Library in November 2019. In response...
One of the first official decisions that Donald Trump made after his
inauguration was to withdraw US support for the Trans-Pacific
Partnership (TPP). Mr Trump argued throughout the election that the
pact, and many other global trade deals, was harmful to American
companies and American workers and that he would...
When watching this year’s Golden Globes, Grammy Awards and other
shows honoring the past year’s best in entertainment, it was hard to miss
the rows of matching dress. Behind the black attire and parade of white
roses, stretched the industry stood unified after the myriad allegations and
confessions that have...
The Republican party has for years sought to reform an American tax code
widely viewed as uncompetitive, expressing their ambitious goal as simply
making the tax system “that looks like someone designed it on purpose.”
Last November, when the party gained control of both chambers of
Congress and the White...
As American tech companies contend with strict scrutiny from Congress
in the wake of the 2016 election, several have already been harassed by
European regulators. During the past year, Amazon and Google were
slapped with massive fines, continuing a trend of EU hostility toward
major American tech companies.
This past week saw Germany hold federal elections for the Bundestag, the
national parliament. The center-right Christian Democrat Union (CDU)
gained 33% of the vote, essentially securing Angela Merkel’s fourth term
as chancellor. The Social Democrats (SPD) secured 20.5% votes, retaining
their position as the Bundestag’s second largest party. However,...
Welcome to the second issue of Politica Northwestern, the academic
journal of Northwestern University’s Politics & Policy (P&P). P&P analyzes
the world in terms of impactful events. Political events occur constantly,
but their impacts are by no means equal. We distill major events to
determine how they will change the...
With the advent of a variety of novel nanometer-scale diagnostic techniques such as DNA micro- and nanoarrays, increasing focus has been placed on developing methods to quickly and accurately create these nanometer scale patterns. One promising technique for depositing DNA, proteins, and other liquid molecular "inks" with submicron resolution is...
Magnetic nanostructures (MNS) have become the subject of intense
interest due to their superparamagnetic properties and consequently
their potential uses in medical diagnostics and therapeutics. In this
study, monodisperse magnetite MNSs were synthesized via thermal
decomposition of iron(III) acetylacetonate and transferred to aqueous
solution using 11-aminoundecanoic acid as the surfactant....
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the most common forms of dementia,
with no current definitive premortem diagnosis. Amyloid beta-peptide
derived diffusible ligands, known as ADDLs, have become a key link in
the AD specificity for memory loss and are a potential biomarker for AD.
In order to develop an...
Neurons are difficult to manipulate experimentally. Most transfection
reagents used for gene silencing are neurotoxic, and the postmitotic
state of neurons prevents the effective use of viral vectors. This study
demonstrated the delivery of antisense DNA against target genes by
gold nanoparticle oligonucleotide complexes (GNOs) in primary cultures
Thermoelectric materials, which convert heat energy to electrical
energy, may become increasingly important in the world’s energy
situation. Through the inclusion of nanoscale features embedded within
a thermoelectric bulk material, it has been shown that a corresponding
decrease in lattice thermal conductivity results in an enhanced
thermoelectric figure of merit,...
Under the correct conditions, aluminum can be anodized in an electrochemical
cell to produce hexagonally ordered arrays of nanoscale
pores. This study examines how adding the chemicals methanol and
acetic acid to a typical anodization solution alters pore-growth patterns
across the surface oxide layer. The existence of the unique pore-growth...
This paper investigates the use of self-assembled monolayers
(SAMs) to optimize the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR)
biosensor for disease detection. Various experiments were done
with 1-(9-mercaptononyl)-3,6,9-trioxaundecan-11-ol (TDT) and
heptaoxatricosanoic acid (HSA), a new SAM; these included a solvent
study to determine refractive index sensitivity and nonspecific binding
Cadmium selenide (CdSe) quantum dots have low conductivity upon
synthesis with the original capping ligands. The conductivity can be
altered by the addition of other ligands. Thiols, amines, and carboxylic
acids, as well as other functional groups, have been shown to improve
conductivity in quantum dot films. This investigation describes...
This study examined the invasiveness of nanofountain probes (NFP)
when used as a transfection tool for single-cell research. For comparison,
the damage caused to cells by more commonly used commercial
atomic force microscope (AFM) probes was also studied. Forces were
applied to cells at increasing levels using both probes, and...
The swelling and deswelling behavior of poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA)
thin films and the permeability of poly(styrene) (PS) membranes was
investigated using quartz crystal microbalance and ellipsometry.
The system consisted of either homopolymer PMAA film or diblock
poly(methyl methacrylate)-poly(methacrylic acid) (PMMA-PMAA)
brushes with a hydrophobic PS membrane capping layer. Results show...